Metaphysics - Ontology (wykład) - 2019/2020

Course description
General information
Lecturer:Ks. dr hab. Tomasz Duma
Organising unit:Faculty of Philosophy - Instytut Filozofii
Number of hours (week/semester): 2/30
Language of instruction:English
Course objective
Understanding of the specificity of metaphysical knowledge and distinguishing its from other types of knowledge
Overview of the different concepts of entities and metaphysics with an indication of the sources and consequences of differences
Understanding of contemporary metaphysics and its cultivating
Providing of beings understanding by indicating the reasons for their existence and activities
Differentiating between metaphysics and ontology
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of high school
General knowledge of physics and cosmology
Basic skills of philosophical texts understanding
Learning outcomes
KNOWLEDGE
Student knows the specificity of metaphysical knowledge
Student knows the basic issues of metaphysics
Student knows the specificity of metaphysical explanation and argumentation
Student is able to explain in reasoning way the metaphysical problems, to point out their causes
K_W02, K_W03, K_W05;

SKILLS
Student is able to use the metaphysical method in solving of various philosophical problems
Student is able to explain and describe in reasoning way the reality
Student is able to analyze philosophical systems, to show their assumptions and
consequences
Student knows how to choose the right tools for explanation of the metaphysical problems
K_U04, K_U05, K_U06;

SOCIAL COMPETENCE
Student can explain in reasoning way the problems and present the metaphysical arguments
Student is able to present own metaphysical knowledge and defend its rationality
Student knows how to evaluate the rationality and objectivity of the argumentation
K_K03, K_K04
Teaching method
The method of lecture, discussion, commentary
Course content description
During the first part of the course there will be presented the issues concerning the way of understanding the philosophy in general and its role on the background of other
sciences. Then the role and meaning of metaphysics in philosophy will be presented and the question of the history of the term \"metaphysics\" (\"ontology\") will be taken into
consideration, as well as the questions of the specificity of the object of metaphysics and metaphysical cognition and of the ways of metaphysical explanation and
justification. At the same time there will be shown and demonstrated the importance of metaphysics for the works and statements that can be found on the ground of the
cultural studies; the relation \"nature-culture\" is to be presented in this context, too, as well as the philosophical foundation of dividing the culture. Second part of the lecture
is designed to trace a process of the understanding cognition of the world which is provided by metaphysics. The cognition of that kind proceeds by separating the common
(transcendental) features of beings, such as: being a thing (determined as to its content), being something individual which is a bearer of the truth, good and beauty.
Forms of assessment
KNOWLEDGE
Unsatisfactory (2): Student does not know metaphysical issues, can not formulate and explain the metaphysical problems, is unable to indicate metaphysical assumptions and consequences;
Satisfactory (3): Student poorly knows metaphysical issues, poorly formulates and explains the metaphysical problems, is unable to indicate metaphysical assumptions and consequences;
Good (4): Student knows basic metaphysical issues, can critically analyze philosophical statements, can formulate and solve metaphysical problems, is able to indicate metaphysical assumptions and consequences;
Very good (5): Student has extensive knowledge of metaphysics, can thoroughly analyze the metaphysical statements, can independently formulate and solve
metaphysical problems, has good ability to indicate metaphysical assumptions and consequences;

COMPETENCE
Unsatisfactory (2): Student can not use the method of metaphysics, can not explain the problems and choose the appropriate metaphysical arguments, can not interprete the philosophical texts;
Satisfactory (3): Student poorly uses the method of metaphysics, can alone not analyze the philosophical texts, has poorly mastered metaphysical explanation of the problems and formulation of arguments;
Good (4): Student can use the method of metaphysics, can independently analyze the metaphysical texts, choose the appropriate metaphysical arguments, can well explain the problems from the metaphysical point of view;
Very good (5): Student can very well use the method of metaphysics and metaphysical argumentations, is able fully independently read and analyze
philosophical texts, has very well mastered knowledge of classical metaphysics and other philosophical systems;

SOCIAL COMPETENCE
Unsatisfactory (2) Student can not discuss metaphysical problems, can not provide a suitable metaphysical argumentation, can not evaluate the rationality and the validity of the argumentation other students;
Satisfactory (3): Student can poorly discuss metaphysical problems, can poorly provide a suitable metaphysical argumentation, can poorly evaluate the rationality
and the validity of the argumentation other students
Good (4): Student can discuss metaphysical problems, can provide a suitable metaphysical argumentation, can evaluate the rationality and the validity of the argumentation other students;
Very good (5): Student can very well discuss metaphysical problems, can very well provide a suitable metaphysical argumentation, can very well evaluate the rationality and the validity of the argumentation other students;
Required reading list
A. Maryniarczyk, Notebooks on Metaphysics. The monistic and dualistic interpretation of reality, Vol.1, trans. H. McDonald, Lublin: Polskie
Towarzystwo Tomasza z Akwinu 2010.
A. Maryniarczyk, Notebooks on Metaphysics. The pluralistic interpretation of reality, Vol.2, trans. H. McDonald, Lublin: Polskie Towarzystwo
Tomasza z Akwinu 2011.
M.A. Krapiec, Metaphysics, An Outline of the History of Being, trans. M. Lescoe, A. Woznicki, Th. Sandok, New York, Mariel Publication 1991.

J. Owens, An Elementary Christian Metaphysics. Houston: Center for Thomistic Studies 1985.
G.P. Klubertanz SJ, Introduction to the Philosophy of Being. New York 1955.
J.E. Wippel, The Metaphysical Thought of Thomas Aquinas, Catholic University of America Press 2003.
Field of study: Philosophy
Course listing in the Schedule of Courses:
Year/semester:Year I - Semester 1
Number of ECTS credits: 4
Form of assessment: Credit