Metaphysics - Ontology (wykład) - 2019/2020

Course description
General information
Lecturer:Ks. prof. dr hab. Andrzej Maryniarczyk
Organising unit:Faculty of Philosophy - Instytut Filozofii
Number of hours (week/semester): 1/15
Language of instruction:Język polski
Course objective
Familiarizing with the specificity of metaphysical cognition and distinguishing it from other types of cognitions
discussion of various concepts of beings and various metaphysics, as well as an indication of the sources of variations and consequences
familiarization with contemporary realistic metaphysics and the way it is practiced
providing an understanding of the world of people and things by pointing out the reasons for their existence and operation
to distinguish metaphysics from modern and contemporary ontologies
Basic knowledge of high school (high school)
general knowledge of physics and cosmology
basic skills in understanding philosophical texts
Learning outcomes
knows the specificity of metaphysical cognition
knows the basic issues that metaphysics deals with
can critically analyze philosophical systems and show their assumptions and consequences
can explain the metaphysical problems in an understandable way, pointing to their causes
can apply the metaphysics method to solve various philosophical problems
can understand and explain the reality that surrounds it understandably
he mastered the specifics of metaphysical explanation and argumentation
he knows how to choose the right metaphysical tools to explain problems
can explain problems expediently and present relevant metaphysical agruments
can present the results of his metaphysical knowledge and defend its rationality
can assess and value the rationality and rationality of other arguments.
Teaching method
Method of lecture, problem discussions, participation in symposia and seminars
Course content description
The second part of the lecture introduces the student into the very process of understanding the world that metaphysics provides. This cognition is accomplished by distinguishing the universal (transcendental) properties of beings such as: being a thing (content-defined), one (internally consistent), separate, carrier of truth, goodness and beauty, and through the discovery of metaphysical laws of living things, such as: identity, consistency, excluded measure, raison d\'être, purposefulness and integrity. Next, the methods of identifying metaphysical living assemblies such as matter and form, act and potency, substance and ailment as well as being and existence that will allow to justify the dynamism of things, their alternation, identity and contingency will be presented. In turn, the fact of a premeditated and analogous way of living things will be discovered, which form the basis for the formulation of the causal and analogical cognitive theory.
The lecture is preceded by a metametaphysical reflection on the history of the name\"metaphysics\" (\"ontology\"), showing the specificity of metaphysical cognition, methods of identifying the subject of metaphysics, ways of explaining and justifying, and ends with the introduction of problems causal and analogous knowledge of reality.
Forms of assessment
KNOWLEDGE. Failure to pass: he does not know metaphysical issues, he can not formulate and explain metaphysical problems and explain himself; satisfactory assessment: poorly familiar with metaphysical issues, poorly formulates and explains metaphysical problems, can not identify metaphysical assumptions and consequences on its own; good assessment: knows the basic metaphysical issues, can critically analyze philosophical positions, can formulate and solve metaphysical problems; very good grade: he has extensive knowledge of metaphysics, he can thoroughly analyze metaphysical positions, can independently formulate and solve metaphysical problems
SKILLS: unsatisfactory: can not use metaphysics, can not explain metaphysical problems and choose the appropriate augmentation, can not use; satisfactory: poorly oriented in the use of metaphysics, little self-analysis of philosophical texts, poorly mastered knowledge in the field of classical metaphysics and other philosophical systems; good: can use the metaphysics method, can independently analyze metaphysical texts, choose appropriate metaphysical arguments, master well knowledge in the field of classical metaphysics and other philosophical systems; very good: very able to use metaphysics and metaphysical argumentation, fully read and analyze philosophical texts, mastered knowledge of classical metaphysics and other philosophical systems.
SOCIAL COMPETENCE: unsatisfactory: can not discuss metaphysical problems, can not choose and present appropriate metaphysical arguments, can not assess the rationality and validity of other arguments; to a sufficient degree: he is able to discuss metaphysical problems poorly, present legitimate argumentation and formulate accusations, he formulates his thoughts poorly, does not sufficiently assess the rationality and rationality of other arguments; for good: he can discuss metaphysical problems, present objective and legitimate arguments and formulate objections, can present the results of his research and defend the legitimacy of his own argumentation, can assess and evaluate the rationality and rationality of other arguments; for a very good one: he is able to discuss metaphysical problems very thoroughly, legitimately presents his own argumentation and reliably formulates allegations, clearly and methodically presents the results of his research and the validity of argumentation, judges and evaluates rationality and reasonableness of someone\'s argumentation.
Required reading list
Basic: M. A. Krąpiec, Metafizyka, Dzieła XII, Lublin 1995; M. A. Krąpiec, Wprowadzenie do filozofii, t. 1 Rozumieć rzeczywistość, Lublin 2000; A. Maryniarczyk, Monistyczna i dualistyczna interpretacja rzeczywistości. Zeszyty z metafizyki, Nr 1, Lublin 2006; A. Maryniarczyk, Pluralistyczna interpretacja rzeczywistości. Zeszyty z metafizyki, Nr 2, Lublin 2006; A. Maryniarczyk, Realistyczna interpretacja rzeczywistości, Zeszyty z metafizyki. Nr 3, Lublin 2005; A. Maryniarczyk, Racjonalność i celowość świata osób i rzeczy. Zeszyty z metafizyki, Nr 4 Lublin 2007; A. Maryniarczyk, Odkrycie wewnętrznej struktury bytów. Zeszyty z metafizyki, Nr 5, Lublin 2006; A. Maryniarczyk, O przyczynach partycypacji i analogii. Zeszyty z metafizyki, Nr 6, Lublin 2005; B. Paź, Ontologia, w: Powszechna Encyklopedia Filozofii, t. 7, Lublin 2006; M. A. Krąpiec A. Maryniarczyk, Metafizyka, w: Powszechna Encyklopedia Filozofii, t. 7, Lublin 2006; Fragmenty tekstów klasycznych zamieszczonych w poszczególnych \"Zeszytach z metafizyki\" t. 1-6.

Additional: A. B. Stępień, Wprowadzenie do metafizyki, Kraków 1964; S. Swieżawski. Byt. Zagadnienia metafizyki tomistycznej, Kraków 1999; S. Swieżawski, Z dziejów filozofii klasycznej, Kraków 2000; W. Stróżewski, Ontologia, Kraków 2005; M.A. Krąpiec, A. Maryniarczyk, Rozmowy o metafizyce, Lublin 1997 (dostępna także wersja CD); Z. J. Zdybicka, Partycypacja bytu, Lublin 1972; G. Reale, Historia filozofii starożytnej, tłum. I.E. Zieliński, t. 1-5, Lublin 1996-2002; E. Gilson, Chrześcijańska filozofia wieków średnich, tłum. S. Zalewski, Warszawa 1987; E. Gilson, P. Langan, A. A. Maurer, Historia filozofii współczesnej, tłum. B. Chwendeńczuk, Z. Zalewski, Warszawa 1972.
Field of study: Philosophy
Course listing in the Schedule of Courses:
Year/semester:Year I - Semester 2
Number of ECTS credits: 5
Form of assessment: Examination
Field of study: Theology
Course listing in the Schedule of Courses:
Year/semester:Year I - Semester 2
Number of ECTS credits: 3
Form of assessment: Examination