Metaphysics of Relations (konwersatorium) - 2018/2019

Course description
General information
Lecturer:Ks. dr hab. Tomasz Duma
Organising unit:Faculty of Philosophy - Instytut Filozofii
Number of hours (week/semester): 2/30
Language of instruction:English
Course objective
Acquainting with the problem of relations of being, with the main concepts of relations that have been formulated throughout the history of philosophy.
Prerequisites
Knowledge of metaphysics, ontology, epistemology and history of philosophy at the level of magisterium in philosophy; good skills of commenting and interpreting philosophical texts.
Learning outcomes
KNOWLEDGE: knows the main concepts of relations characteristic of particular epochs of the history of philosophy; knows the successive development of reflection on the problem of relations; understands the importance of the relations into metaphysics and theory of cognition; K_W02, K_W06, K_W01, K_W03, K_W05, K_W07, K_W09, K_W08
SKILLS: able to indicate the sources and assumptions of particular relations theory; can show what was the reason for the emergence of new problems within the relations problem; can show the applications of relation theory in solving certain philosophical problems, especially metaphysical and epistemological; K_U02, K_U03, K_U01, K_U05, K_U06, K_U07;
SOCIAL COMPETENCES (ATTITUDES): can discuss philosophical problems and present arguments justifying a given thesis; can demonstrate positive aspects and limitations of the argumentation being assessed; is able to exchange views, guided by the rationality and objective value of argumentation; K_K02, K_K04, K_K02, K_K06
Teaching method
Work with the text, interpretation of the author\'s views, pointing out arguments, discussing problems, conducting own text analysis and presenting research results in a group.
Course content description
The tutorials are devoted to the analysis of the main concepts of the relations of being, which were formulated throughout the history of philosophy. Within the framework of ancient philosophy, the concept of Plato and Aristotle will be mainly noted. From medieval theories of relations attention will focus on the theory of St. Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus. The concept of Leibniz, Locke, Hume, Hegel, Russell, Natorp, Cassirer, Heidegger, Schaaf and Simons will be noted from modern and contemporary philosophy. When discussing particular relations theories, the significance of the relations in the formulation of the concept of being and the concept of cognition will be noted.
Forms of assessment
(W) for grade 2: does not know the main concepts of ontic relations, can not follow the process of developing the problem of relations in the history of philosophy, can not show the importance of relations theory in the interpretation of basic metaphysical and epistemological problems; for grade 3: poorly familiar with the main concepts of the relations of being, to the extent sufficient to follow the process of development of relations in the history of philosophy, to a small extent able to demonstrate the importance of relations theory in the interpretation of basic metaphysical and epistemological problems; for grade 4: knows well the main concepts of living relations, is able to follow the process of development of relations in the history of philosophy, can show the importance of relations theory in the interpretation of basic metaphysical and epistemological problems; 5: very well knows the main concepts of living relations, is able to show the process of development of relations in the history of philosophy, very well understands the importance of relations theory in the interpretation of basic metaphysical and epistemological problems.
(U) for grade 2: can not indicate the sources and assumptions of particular relations concepts; can not indicate the reasons for the emergence of new problems within the relations problem; can not show the role of relations theory in solving certain philosophical problems, especially metaphysical and epistemological problems; for grade 3: sufficiently able to indicate the sources and assumptions of particular relations concept; in a small scope he can indicate the reasons for the emergence of new problems within the relations problem; He can not show the role of relations theory in solving certain philosophical problems, especially metaphysical and epistemological problems; for grade 4: it can well indicate the sources and assumptions of particular relations concept; knows well the reasons for the emergence of new problems within the relations problem; efficiently shows the role of relations theory in solving certain philosophical problems, especially metaphysical and epistemological problems; for the 5th grade: he can very well indicate the sources and assumptions of particular relations concepts; knows very well the reasons for the emergence of new problems within the relations problem; very efficiently shows the role of relations theory in solving certain philosophical problems, especially metaphysical and epistemological problems.
(K) for grade 2: he can not discuss philosophical problems and present arguments justifying the given thesis; can not show positive aspects and limitations of the argumentation being assessed; he can not exchange views based on the rationality and objective value of argumentation; for grade 3: poorly able to discuss philosophical problems and present arguments justifying the given thesis; he is able to demonstrate the positive aspects and limitations of the argumentation assessed; sufficiently able to exchange views, guided by the rationality and objective value of argumentation; for grade 4: he is able to discuss philosophical problems and present arguments justifying the given thesis; can demonstrate positive aspects and limitations of the argumentation being assessed; he is able to exchange his views efficiently, guided by the rationality and objective value of argumentation; for grade 5: he is able to discuss philosophical problems and present arguments justifying the given thesis; very well able to demonstrate positive aspects and limitations of the argumentation being assessed; he is able to exchange views very well, guided by the rationality and objective value of argumentation.
Required reading list
Cassirer E., Substanzbegriff und Funktionsbegriff: Untersuchungen über Grundfragen der Erkenntniskritik, Berlin: Cassirer, 1910.
Cavarnos C., The Classical Theory of Relations. A Study in the Metaphysics of Plato, Aristotle and Thomism Belmont: Institute for Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, 1975.
Collins A. B., Contradiction and Relations: Hegel and the Traditions, „American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly” 64 (1990) no. 4, s. 509–554.
Henninger M. G., Relations. Medieval Theories 1250–1325, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.
Literatura podstawowa i uzupełniająca
Mugnai M., Leibniz’ theory of relations, Stuttgart: Steiner, 1992.
Natorp P., Die logische Grundlagen der exakten Wissenschaften, Leipzig: Teubner, 1921.
Russell B., A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz, Cambridge: University Press, 1900.
Russell B., Problemy filozofii, przeł. i posłowiem opatrzył W. Sady, Warszawa: PWN, 1995.
Schaaf J. J., Beziehung und Idee. Eine platonische Besinnung, w: Parusia. Studien zur Philosophie Platons. Festgabe für Johannes Hirschberger, hrsg. K. Flasch, Frankfurt/M.: Minerva, 1965.
Simons P., Relations and Idealism: On Some Arguments of Hochberg against Trope Nominalism, „Dialectica” 68 (2014) no. 2, special, s. 305–315.
Simonsa P., Relations and Truthmaking, „Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society” Supplementary Vol. 84 (2010) no. 1, s. 199–200.
Von Wolzogen Ch., Die autonome Relation. Zum Problem der Beziehung im Spätwerk Paul Natorps. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Theorien der Relation, Würzburg-Amsterdam: K&N, 1984.
Weinberg J. R., Abstraction, Relation, and Induction. Three Essays in the History of Thought, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1965.
Field of study: Filozofia (stacjonarne doktoranckie)
Course listing in the Schedule of Courses:
Year/semester:Year I - Semester 2
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Grade
Year/semester:Year I - Semester 2
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Credit
Year/semester:Year II - Semester 4
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Grade
Year/semester:Year II - Semester 4
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Credit
Year/semester:Year III - Semester 6
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Grade
Year/semester:Year III - Semester 6
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Credit
Year/semester:Year IV - Semester 8
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Grade
Year/semester:Year IV - Semester 8
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Credit
Field of study: Philosophy
Course listing in the Schedule of Courses:
Year/semester:Year I - Semester 2
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Grade
Year/semester:Year I - Semester 2
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Credit
Year/semester:Year II - Semester 4
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Grade
Year/semester:Year II - Semester 4
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Credit
Year/semester:Year III - Semester 6
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Grade
Year/semester:Year III - Semester 6
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Credit
Year/semester:Year IV - Semester 8
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Grade
Year/semester:Year IV - Semester 8
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Credit