Graffiti as a means of communication (wykład) - 2018/2019

Course description
General information
Lecturer:dr Małgorzata Sławek-Czochra
Organising unit:Faculty of Social Sciences - Instytut Dziennikarstwa i Komunikacji Społecznej
Number of hours (week/semester): 2/30
Language of instruction:English
Course objective
C1_encouraging students to look at graffiti and street art more consciously as a phenomena and contemporary medium in the modern society (Poland and other countries).
C2- reading scientific articles;
C3-talking in English about graffiti and street art.
Prerequisites
Intermediate level of English
Learning outcomes
(K)Student has an elementary knowledge of interpersonal and public communication processes, their correctness and disruptions with reference to the graffiti and street art. K_W08
(S)Student is able to use the theoretical basic knowledge of social communication in order to analyse social issues as well as motives and models of human behaviors. K_U02
(C)Student is prepared for the active participating at media groups, organizations and institutions; can communicate with persons being and not being specialists in given field. K_K07
Teaching method
Tutorial with using multimedia materials and dialogue methods
Course content description
1. The organizational classes: syllabus discussing, contents of lecture, assessment method and criteria, reading lists.
2. The worldwide history of graffiti: the term graffiti origin, America in the sixties, „New Deal” and artistic activity of social oriented art, European situation (slogans and youth movements in 1968) USSR and graffiti development in the eighties.
3. The history of Polish graffiti: graffiti in the Interwar period, Graffiti as a tool in the fight against Hitlerian and Russian invaders, pick development of graffiti after 1980 and anti-communist underground movement – profiles of several groupings as for example Orange Alternative or Freedom and Peace Movement.
4. The range of graffiti appearing: Graffiti in European countries and in Asia, African and South American graffiti, Graffiti in Australia, New Zealand and in Iceland. Geographical, sociological and political factors that make graffiti development faster or slower and predictions about the future.
5. Watching the film ‘Wild Style’ and discussion about graffiti social background.
6. The range of graffiti appearing in Poland: capitol of Polish graffiti, main cities. Graffiti in Warsaw and our city – similarities and differences.
7. Graffiti as a subculture: ideology, lifestyle, image, artistic activities – main subjects and methods of painting. Profiles of main graffiti writers.
8. Graffiti as a Street art: art features, main subjects and ways of painting. Profiles of main street artists.
9. Graffiti as a vandalisms: the term vandalism, graffiti as a punishable offence in penal low – the USA and in Poland. Anti-graffiti programs in San Diego.
10. Social determinants of graffiti reception: two models: m. of reflector (ordinary men) and m. of mirror (experts). Three circles: administrational, social and artistic.
11. Graffiti as a medium - the attempt of classification.
12. Graffiti functions.
13. Graffiti as a cultural phenomenon: mass culture and popular culture and graffiti.
14. The analysis of selected graffiti – theory and practice.
15. The students own work with chosen graffiti and discussion.
Forms of assessment
Grande 5/A (very well)
(K) - Student has an extended knowledge about the graffiti and street art as means of communication, is able to describe and distinguish their origin, history, writers/artists, their audience and typical communications difficulties.
(S) - Student can independently in all cases understand the relationship between social problems and graffiti or street art. He/She can decide if piece of art is valuable street art or vandalism.
(C) - Student knows the specialist vocabulary associated with the graffiti and street art, is ready for the conversation and the cooperation both with artists as well as audience
Grade 4/B:
(K) - Student has a fundamental knowledge about the graffiti and street art as means of communication, is able to describe and distinguish most of their origin, history, writers/artists, their audience and typical communications difficulties.
(S) - In major cases, Student can understand the relationship between social problems and graffiti or street art. He/She can decide if piece of art is valuable street art or vandalism.
(C) - Student knows most of the specialist vocabulary associated with the graffiti and street art, and in major cases is ready for the conversation and the cooperation both with artists as well as audience
Grade 3/C:
(K) - Student has a selective knowledge about the graffiti and street art as means of communication, is able to describe and distinguish some from their origin, history, writers/artists, their audience and typical communications difficulties.
(S) - In singular cases, Student can understand the relationship between social problems and graffiti or street art. He/She can decide if piece of art is valuable street art or vandalism.
(C) - Student knows isolated specialist words associated with the graffiti and street art, and in singular cases is ready for the conversation and the cooperation both with artists as well as audience
Grade 2/D:
(K) - Student know nothing about the graffiti and street art as means of communication, is not able to describe and distinguish their origin, history, writers/artists, their audience and typical communications difficulties.
(S) - Student does not understand the relationship between social problems and graffiti or street art. He/She cannot decide if piece of art is valuable street art or vandalism.
(C) - Student does not know specialist vocabulary associated with the graffiti and street art, and is not ready for the conversation and the cooperation both with artists as well as audience

Evaluation based on presentations of the given scientific articles and the final (test).
Required reading list
1. J. Bushnell, Moscow Graffiti: Language and Subculture. Boston 1990. Chapters:
- Fan Gangs and Their Graffiti Argot p.29-60;
- Counterculture Graffiti p.113-164;.
- Graffiti and Soviet Urban Subculture p.205-233;
2. N. Macdonald, The Graffiti Subculture. Basingstoke 2002. - Chosen chapters.
3. Jean Baudrillard, “KOOL KILLER, or The Insurrection of Signs” in Symbolic Exchange and Death (London: Sage, 1993)
4. Joe Austin, “ReWriting New York City” in George Marcus (ed.), Connected: Engagements with Media (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996)
5. Lachlan MacDowall, \"The Graffiti Archive and the Digital City\" in Danny Butt, Jon Bywater and Nova Paul (eds) PLACE: Local Knowledge and New Media (Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2008)
6. Roth, Evan, Geek Graffiti: A Study in Computation, Gesture and Graffiti Analysis. www.ni9e.com/graffiti_analysis/graffiti_analysis_09.pdf
Several chosen scientific articles:
- K. L. Adams, A. Winter. Gang graffiti as a discourse gender. „Journal of Sociolinguistics” 1/3 1997 p. 337-360.
- S. Walklate. Crime and community: fear or trust? „The British Journal of Sociology” vol. 49 no. 4 (Dec. 1998) p. 550-569.
- M. A. Spocter. This is my space: Graffiti in Claremont, Cape Town. „Urban Forum” vol. 15 No. 3 July-September 2004.
- M. Hicks. City of epitaphs. „Culture abound. Journal of current cultural research” 2009 Vol. 1 p. 453-467.
7. M. Sławek-Czochra. Human in Banksy\'s Street Art. In: Artes liberales: Theatre - Art - Media.Ed.: S. Fel, P. Nowak, J. Szulich-Kałuża, M. Sławek-Czochra, Lublin 2018, p. 389-411.
8. M. Sławek-Czochra. Pluralizm of Spirituality in the Urban Social Space: The Example of Warsaw and Lublin, In: Secularization and the Development of Religion in Modern Polish Society, Ed. George F., McLean, L. Dyczewski, Washington, D.C, pp. 102-116.
Recommended readings list:
9. M. Lunn. Street Art Uncut. Melbourne 2006.
10. N. Ganz. Graffiti World, Street art from five continents, London 2004, p. 8-10; 126-128; 328-329.
11. J. Kamiński. Notatnik amerykański. „Sztuka” 1981, s. 34-37.
12. C. Lewisohn. Street art. The Graffiti Revolution. London 2008. p.15-81.
Field of study: Journalism and Social Communication
Course listing in the Schedule of Courses:
Year/semester:Year II - Semester 3
Number of ECTS credits: 2
Form of assessment: Examination