Introduction to Philosophy (wykład) - 2018/2019

Opis zajęć
Informacje ogólne
Prowadzący: - VACAT
Organizator:Wydział Filozofii - Instytut Filozofii
Liczba godzin tydzień/semestr: 2/30
Cele przedmiotu
C1 - Introduction to the basic insight to philosophy (its main sections, currents etc.)
C2 - Acquiring the basic philosophical skills (formulating questions, analyzing, discriminating etc.)
C3 - Forming the attitude of conscious participation in public life.
Wymagania wstępne
W1 - General intellectual culture.
W2 - The ability to think in a critical manner.
Efekty kształcenia dla przedmiotu
WIEDZA
1. The student knows the specificity of philosophy – its subject matter, method and goal - K_W02.
2. The student knows the basic sections of philosophy and philosophical currents - K_W03.
3. The student understands the role of philosophy in culture and the connection between philosophy and world-view - K_W01.

UMIEJĘTNOŚCI
1. The student knows how to use the basic instruments of philosophical analysis - K_U05.
2. The student uses philosophical terminology - K_U04.

KOMPETENCJE SPOŁECZNE (POSTAWY)
1. The student is able to discuss on topics concerning world-view and backs up the views by knowledge acquired during the lectures - K_K04.
2. While participating in public life the student is able to identify problems of philosophical nature, differences between views and philosophical argumentation - K_K05.
Metody dydaktyczne
Conventional (traditional) lecture, conversational lecture, lecture utilizing multimedia techniques (slide-show).
Treści programowe przedmiotu
The lecture includes the following topics:
I. Metaphilosophy (theory of philosophy):
(1) the etymology of the word ‘philosophy’;
(2) the division of philosophy – the branches of philosophy;
(3) the conceptions of philosophy;
(4) the nature of the philosophical questions;
(5) the relations between philosophy and some other domains of culture: science, world view, religion, and art.

II. Some Main Problems of Philosophy:
(1) Ontology (metaphysics) [theory of being]:
(i) the kinds of being;
(ii) ‘why is there something rather than nothing?’;
(iii) the existence of God (philosophical/natural theology or philosophy of religion);
(iv) the mind-body problem (philosophical psychology/anthropology or philosophy of mind).
(2) Epistemology [theory of knowledge]:
(i) the definition of knowledge;
(ii) the nature of truth;
(iii) what does ‘to mean’ mean?;
(iv) does language determine our world view? (philosophy of language).
(3) Axiology [theory of value]:
(i) are the values objective or subjective?;
(ii) what ought we to do? (ethics – deontology);
(iii) how to be happy? (ethics – theory of ‘eudaimonia’);
(iv) what is beauty? (aesthetics).

III. Some Main Currents in Contemporary Philosophy:
(1) Analytical Philosophy (‘English-speaking’ philosophy).
(2) Phenomenology – Existentialism – Hermeneutics (‘continental’ philosophy).
(3) Neo-Thomism (Neo-Scholasticism, ‘Christian’ philosophy).

IV. Polish Philosophy:
(i) the Lvov-Warsaw School (Polish Analytical Philosophy);
(ii) Phenomenology of Roman Ingarden;
(iii) Neo-Thomism in Lublin;
(iv) Personalism of Rev. Karol Wojtyła (Pope John Paul II).

V. Some Main Philosophical Skills:
(1) questions;
(2) definitions;
(3) arguments;
(4) divisions;
(5) analyses;
(6) discussions.

Students are additionally required to become acquainted with the selected titles from the given reading-matter:
T. Nagel, \\\"What Does It All Mean? A Very Short Introduction to Philosophy\\\", New York: Oxford University Press 1987.
J. Pieper, \\\"In Defense of Philosophy. Classical Wisdom Stands Up to Modern Challenges\\\", San Francisco: Ignatius Press 1992.
F. Savater, \\\"The Questions of Life: An Invitation to Philosophy\\\", Cambridge: Polity Press 2002.
P. F. Strawson, \\\"Analysis and Metaphysics: An Introduction to Philosophy\\\", Oxford: Oxford University Press 1992.
R. Trigg, \\\"Reason and Commitment\\\", Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1973.
R. Scruton, \\\"Modern Philosophy: An Introduction and Survey\\\", New York: Penguin Books 1996.
A. C. Greyling (ed), \\\"Philosophy: A Guide Through the Subject\\\", Oxford: Oxford University Press 1995.
E. Craig, \\\"Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction\\\", Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002.
Kryteria oceny i sposoby weryfikacji zakładanych efektów kształcenia
Ocena niedostateczna
(W) - The student does not understand the specificity of philosophy. The student does not know the main sections of philosophy, the main problems and philosophical currents.
(U) - The student is not able to use philosophical terminology and basic instruments of philosophical analysis.
(K) - The student is not able to discuss topics concerning world-view and to back up the views by knowledge acquired during the lectures. While participating in public life the student is not able to identify philosophical problems, views and argumentation.

Ocena dostateczna
(W) - The student understands the specificity of philosophy (its subject matter, method and goal) on an elementary level. The student has a general knowledge on sections of philosophy, basic problems and philosophical currents. The student has a basic knowledge on the role of philosophy in culture and its connections with world-view.
(U) - The student is able to use philosophical terminology and basic instruments of philosophical analysis.
(K) - The student is able to discuss elementary level topics concerning world-view and to back up the views by knowledge acquired during the lectures. While participating in public life the student is able to identify some philosophical problems, views, arguments.

Ocena dobra
(W) - The student has a systematic knowledge on the specificity of philosophy (its subject matter, method, goal), sections of philosophy, the main problems and philosophical currents. The student understands the role of philosophy in culture and connections between philosophy and world-view.
(U) - The student is skilled in using philosophical terminology and basic instruments of philosophical analysis in typical situations.
(K) - While discussing topics concerning world-view the student makes a good use of knowledge acquired during the lectures. While participating in public life the student identifies the basic philosophical problems, views and arguments.

Ocena bardzo dobra
(W) - The student has a systematic and profound knowledge on the specificity of philosophy (independently formulates philosophical questions and initiates philosophical reflection) and on sections of philosophy, problems and philosophical currents. The student profoundly understands the role of philosophy in culture and the connection between philosophy and world-view.
(U) - The student independently uses philosophical terminology and basic instruments of philosophical analysis in difficult and non-standard situations.
(K) - While discussing topics concerning world-view the student creatively makes use of the knowledge acquired during the lectures. While participating in public life the student is skilled in identifying many philosophical problems, views and arguments.
Literatura podstawowa i uzupełniająca
Literatura podstawowa:
T. Nagel, \\\"What Does It All Mean? A Very Short Introduction to Philosophy\\\", New York: Oxford University Press 1987.
J. Pieper, \\\"In Defense of Philosophy. Classical Wisdom Stands Up to Modern Challenges\\\", San Francisco: Ignatius Press 1992.
F. Savater, \\\"The Questions of Life: An Invitation to Philosophy\\\", Cambridge: Polity Press 2002.
P. F. Strawson, \\\"Analysis and Metaphysics: An Introduction to Philosophy\\\", Oxford: Oxford University Press 1992.
R. Trigg, \\\"Reason and Commitment\\\", Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1973.
R. Scruton, \\\"Modern Philosophy: An Introduction and Survey\\\", New York: Penguin Books 1996.
A. C. Greyling (ed), \\\"Philosophy: A Guide Through the Subject\\\", Oxford: Oxford University Press 1995.
E. Craig, \\\"Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction\\\", Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002.

Literatura uzupełniająca:
Ted Honderich (ed.), \\\"The Oxford Companion to Philosophy\\\", second edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2005.
Kierunek studiów: Filozofia (stacjonarne I stopnia)
Lokalizacja w planach rocznych:
Etap:Rok I - Semestr 1
Punkty ECTS: 4
Forma zaliczenia: Egzamin